另一個挑戰

孩子每一個成長的階段,都有一個難關要過,從肢體的動作,坐,爬,走,然後是語言的發展,然後面對的是智力上的發展與學習上的問題,現在的大A又開始給我一個難關去挑戰:心理上的問題。

邁進二十歲,一個智力能力只有六,七歲程度的特殊孩子,要去面對一個成人世界,可想而知他有多擔心害怕,上了髙職後,學校開始教他們如何保護自己,並且告訴他們要工作,結果大A開始擔心被壞人抓走,被警察捉走,要自己去工作,迷路等等事情,上一次在學校迷路的事變成"壓倒駱駝的最後一根稻草",他經過了那一次的大崩潰後現在慢慢恢復,但卻開始像憂鬱症的病人一樣,他每天擔心這擔心那,又說他在放電,頭痛,手麻,除了看電視外,他幾乎對其它的事都沒勁,只有安靜看電視和吵我二樣,然後比之前更黏我,我被他的退縮情況煩死了,我只好決定去掛號看精神心理科了!希望醫生能對他有幫助。
啊!又是另一個挑戰的開始,不過希望過了這一關,大A會更成長一大步!

查了一些網路資料來參考,讓自己更"保持點距離"來了解孩子,不要陷入情緒性的反應,如覺得很煩,很挫折或無助,希望自己能透過合理的分析了解去找出解決的方式來。下面綠色的字是對大A的客觀分析。

Low Intelligence Quotient
Children with mental retardation typically have an intelligence quotient below 70, with 85 to 115 being the average intelligence quotient for all people. Scores from 50 to 69 indicate mild mental retardation, scores from 35 to 49 indicate moderate mental retardation, scores from 20 to 34 indicate severe mental retardation and scores lower than 20 indicate profound mental retardation. Intelligence quotient scores can be obtained through nonverbal tests such as the Tony or through both verbal and nonverbal tests such as the WISC or RIAS.

Emotional Characteristics
Children with mental retardation often recognize that they have difficulties with tasks that others find easy. This realization can lead to frustration, anger and depression. Some children with mental retardation may suffer from anxiety. These children may act out due to these emotions. They may have trouble expressing their feelings and may show their feelings in ways such as refusing to eat or sleeping too much.

Mental Retardation Classifications
Those children who are mildly mentally retarded are considered to be educable and may be able to achieve up to the 6th grade level. Individuals who are moderately mentally retarded are considered to be trainable, which means they can learn to complete daily living skills. However, they will probably not be able to understand academic concepts. Those children who are severely or profoundly mentally retarded will often require supervision and help with daily living skills for the duration of their lifetime.

Read more: Characteristics of Mentally Challenged Children | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/about_5127734_characteristics-mentally-challenged-children.html#ixzz2QUmdTsOV

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